Public health approaches to infectious disease
Public health approaches to infectious disease

Start this free course now. Just create an account and sign in. Enrol and complete the course for a free statement of participation or digital badge if available.

Free course

Public health approaches to infectious disease

2.2.2 The WHO Global Outbreak Alert and Response Network

The central coordinating body within the WHO’s surveillance function is the Global Outbreak Alert and Response Network. There are now numerous international surveillance and response programmes (ISRPs), networks and online databases recording outbreaks of notifiable diseases, i.e. cases that health workers are legally required to notify (report) to a designated agency or public health officer.

The Global Influenza Surveillance Network illustrates the scope of one of the largest ISRPs: it consists of 111 national influenza detection centres in 83 countries around the world and four influenza reference laboratories in the USA, the UK, Japan and Australia. The reference laboratories collect and analyse influenza strains from the detection centres to give early warning of new variants that could pose a major risk to global health.

The IHRs incorporate the recognition that interventions that affect trade and travel also have the potential to affect the human rights of the individual.

  • Suggest some examples of interventions that have human rights implications for individual liberty and freedom to travel.

  • You might have considered border health checks and whether people who appear ill should be excluded or placed in compulsory quarantine. For example, during the swine flu pandemic, some airports introduced infrared cameras to identify and exclude passengers with a fever. Some countries require travellers to carry international vaccination certificates before they can enter, but this has implications for individuals who oppose vaccination and who may be prevented from travelling.

SK320_2

Take your learning further

Making the decision to study can be a big step, which is why you'll want a trusted University. The Open University has 50 years’ experience delivering flexible learning and 170,000 students are studying with us right now. Take a look at all Open University courses.

If you are new to University-level study, we offer two introductory routes to our qualifications. You could either choose to start with an Access module, or a module which allows you to count your previous learning towards an Open University qualification. Read our guide on Where to take your learning next for more information.

Not ready for formal University study? Then browse over 1000 free courses on OpenLearn and sign up to our newsletter to hear about new free courses as they are released.

Every year, thousands of students decide to study with The Open University. With over 120 qualifications, we’ve got the right course for you.

Request an Open University prospectus371