Constitutions in transition
Constitutions in transition

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Constitutions in transition


This course was written by Anne Wesemann.

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated in the acknowledgements section, this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] .

The material acknowledged below is Proprietary and used under licence (not subject to Creative Commons Licence). Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this course:


Loveland, I. (2015) extract from Constitutional Law, Administrative Law, and Human Rights: A Critical Introduction, 7th edn, Oxford, Oxford University Press, pp. 289–92.


Course image: photograph of sculpture by Dumile Feni

Figure 2: © Rfischia/

Figure 4: ©

Figure 5: ©

Figure 6: © Gallo Images/Alamy

Figure 7: El C

Figure 9: © Stephanie Pilick/dpa/Corbis

Figure 10: Do Not Worry. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike Licence

Figure 11: Ulrich Baumgarten/Getty Images

Figure 12: ©

Figure 13 (left): ©

Figure 13 (right): © Derek Trask/Alamy

Figure 14: © Government of Canada. Reproduced with the permission of the Minister of Public Works and Government Services Canada (2015).

Figure 15: Indos82/

Figue 17: Chris Jackson/

Figure 20: © GL Archive/Alamy


Photograph of F.W. de Klerk: South African State Department

Photograph of Pierre Trudeau: Jabarta. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike Licence

Photograph of Konrad Adenauer: © dpa picture alliance/Alamy

Photograph of ‘Wir sind ein Volk’ banner: © ukartpics/Alamy


Rousseau in Africa: democracy in the making: © BBC

The rule of law: © The RSA

1066 The Norman Invasion: © BBC/Bayeux Museum/TopFoto/Atmosphere Music Ltd PRS/Chappell Recorded Music Library Ltd PRS

1154 Henry II: © BBC/The British Library Board, (Add. 10292, f. 164/Cotton Vitellius A. XIII, f.4v/Royal 16 G. VI, f.171v min)/Chappell Recorded Music Library Ltd PRS/ ZFC Music ASCAP

1215 Magna Carta: © BBC/Chappell Recorded Music Library Ltd PRS/British Library/National Portrait Gallery/TopFoto


1215 Magna Carta: © BBC

Every effort has been made to contact copyright holders. If any have been inadvertently overlooked the publishers will be pleased to make the necessary arrangements at the first opportunity.

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