Economics and the 2008 crisis: a Keynesian view
Economics and the 2008 crisis: a Keynesian view

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Short run cost curves (3)

Activity 23b

This time, click on the quantity axis in the figure to identify the level output where the difference between average cost and average variable cost is smallest.

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Figure 39 Average cost curves (3)
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The difference between average cost (AC) and average variable cost (AVC) is least when output is high, in this case at a quantity of 10 000/day (see the black arrow on the figure below). This is the same as spotting that average fixed costs (AFC) are lowest when output is high, because: AC – AVC = AFC. In the short run, if output were to continue to increase beyond a quantity of 10 000/day then we would expect AFC to become smaller and smaller, and so make a smaller and smaller contribution to AC.

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