4 Part C The legal rule-making institutions of the EU
The institutions of the EU work towards objectives related to the three pillars and the creation of a body of Community law that applies
in all member states.
The institutions having legal rule-making powers include the European Council, the Council of the European Union, the European Parliament and the European Commission. Finally, there is the European Court of Justice (ECJ), which has the power to settle legal disputes and interpret EU legislation. There are four procedures for enacting new EU laws: co-decision, consultation, cooperation and assent. These will be considered once the functions of each of the legal rule-making institutions have been considered (note that only their legal rule-making powers will be considered; they may also exercise other functions which are beyond the limits of our discussions).