2.4 The practice of development
Let us take stock of where we are. We have considered development through the lens of different approaches to poverty and have engaged with the context within which development happens by considering one of the ‘big stories’ of the course, namely globalisation. We now turn to the second part of the Development: context and practice course, which looks at the practice of development. The work of development managers is the focus of TU870 Capacities for managing development, which you will get a taster of in Section 3.
Here we consider a model to help you conceptualise development practice. This is done via a public action approach. By a public action approach we mean action taken to meet public needs. This involves many institutions such as the state, the market, civil society and NGOs. How public needs are defined is a lengthy and contested process, e.g. whether to provide free primary education or cut taxes for higher earners. To help you apply a public action approach to a real world context, a tripartite model has been developed. This is the steering, enabling and contesting model, which is introduced next.