3.4.2 The clash of civilizations? (ii)
However, not everyone agrees that 9/11 ‘changed everything’. International-relations theorists Caroline Kennedy-Pipe (University of Warwick) and Nicholas Rengger (St Andrews University) claim that:
… world politics does not seem to have been radically altered by 9/ 11. Rather, the deep-seated aspects of world politics that have always been recognised as such – debates over the role of force and its character, the permanent jostling for geopolitical position, the ideological, spiritual and philosophical divisions that have always been present – seem to be more clearly seen and more omnipresent in the world after 9/11 than they perhaps were before.