Sexual orientation and gender identity
Sexual orientation and gender identity

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Sexual orientation and gender identity

Conclusion

There have been significant changes in the law relating to homosexuality since 1967. Within a 50-year period we have moved from a situation where sex between men was illegal, to a situation where gays and lesbians can marry, can adopt children, and are protected from discrimination in the workplace and in the provision of goods and services. In parallel with these legal changes, social and cultural attitudes have also changed.

There have been similarly significant changes in the law’s approach to trans people. They are now legally protected from discrimination, and since the Gender Recognition Act 2004 came into force they can be recognised in what the Act terms their ‘acquired gender’. Likewise trans people have become more accepted in society and in culture.

Legal issues relating to people with intersex conditions have been less prominent. Such people have remained socially and culturally largely invisible. A few countries are now recognising intersex as a third sex, but the UK has not, as yet, been part of these moves.

Throughout, this course has looked at alternative views and encouraged you to consider different opinions, weigh them up and arrive at your own reasoned conclusions.

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