Questioning crime: social harms and global issues
Questioning crime: social harms and global issues

Start this free course now. Just create an account and sign in. Enrol and complete the course for a free statement of participation or digital badge if available.

Free course

Questioning crime: social harms and global issues

4.1 The ‘War on Terror’

On Tuesday 11 September 2001, almost 3,000 people were killed in the USA when four domestic passenger planes were hijacked and crashed in a coordinated attack. Many more were injured and suffered health-related illnesses (including premature death) following the events of what would come to be known as 9/11 (see The Guardian, 2016).

The attacks were quickly identified by the U.S. Government as an act of terrorism with responsibility attributed to an international militant Islamist group called Al Qaeda. Nine days later, the then President of the United States, George W. Bush, announced that the U.S. was embarking upon a ‘War on Terror’, in response to the attacks.

Since 9/11, the term ‘War on Terror’ was brought into being in western media and political discussion. The ‘terror’ referred to in the phrase ‘War on Terror’ has been used particularly in relation to terrorist events attributed to Islamist groups. These include attacks including the bombings of 2004 in Madrid and 2007 in London (‘07/07’), as well as attacks in France, Belgium, Libya, Lebanon, Indonesia, Australia, Pakistan, Turkey, and the UK, and also the 1993 World Trade Center bombing occurring 8 years before 9/11. On the other hand, ‘terror’ coming from other sources, such as right-wing political groups and individuals in the USA and elsewhere, is not generally seen as being part of the same issue or subject to the same ‘war’. The ‘war’ itself refers to western-led military intervention overseas, including in Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq as well as domestic security measures.

DD804_1

Take your learning further

Making the decision to study can be a big step, which is why you'll want a trusted University. The Open University has 50 years’ experience delivering flexible learning and 170,000 students are studying with us right now. Take a look at all Open University courses.

If you are new to university level study, find out more about the types of qualifications we offer, including our entry level Access courses and Certificates.

Not ready for University study then browse over 900 free courses on OpenLearn and sign up to our newsletter to hear about new free courses as they are released.

Every year, thousands of students decide to study with The Open University. With over 120 qualifications, we’ve got the right course for you.

Request an Open University prospectus