1 Learning from audio visual text
You might think that learning from audio visual sources is very different from learning from written sources, yet, somewhat surprisingly, it is much the same. As you may be familiar with watching videos mainly for leisure, this section will help you to think about how you can turn the familiar, but usually passive, process of watching a video into the active process of learning. Watching the video clips will involve the skills of engaging with the material and making sense of it for yourself, just as if it were the first written chapter of a book. The advantage of the video clips is that the material it provides is so much livelier than the written text. Passively watching the video is, of course, not enough. You will need to ask questions and interrogate the material you see, and turn it into a form that will allow you to use it effectively in your studies.
Prepare to watch the video clips in just the same way as you would prepare to study the first chapter of a book. You will need to have a suitable environment in which you should be relatively undisturbed and able to concentrate on each of the videos. You will need to be able to take some notes as you watch – it is easy to forget the key points if you leave note taking until the video clips have finished, and it will be important to record your immediate reactions.
Your notes need to reflect what each video is showing and identify the nature of the debates and the arguments being presented. This will encourage you to think about the interrelationship between welfare, crime and society.