3.2 Subordinate legislation
Subordinate legislation is legislation made by a person or body to whom Parliament has given the power to make laws. There are three main forms of subordinate legislation: statutory instruments, by-laws and orders in council. This type of legislation is issued for a number of reasons, including insufficiency of Parliamentary time for the volume and detail of the new laws now needed; technical subject matter, where it is felt that the laws would be better produced by those with detailed technical expertise; and the need for local knowledge and flexibility. Subordinate legislation is controlled by means of consultation, publication and supervision by the UK Parliament. It is very common but it does come under some criticism because of the lack of democratic involvement, the difficulties in challenging it and the sheer volume of law that is now created in this way.