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History & The Arts
There was no spirit of compromise in Charles' response to the Covenant
TV, Radio & Events
Tristram Hunt introduces the fourth chapter of our retelling of the Civil War: Total War.
A Covenanter who was nevertheless happy to accept a title from Charles.
With Parliamentarian armies occupied in England, Royalist forces made short work of Scottish opponents and had a year of miracles
As the figurehead of the struggle, a lot came down to Charles' tactics and personality
Inspired by Cromwell, and in the face of possible defeat, a new approach was needed by Parliament
It was to be a year in which the vector of victory would swoop round: 1645
Religion and taxes were nothing alongside clan loyalties, skewing the Highland Dimension
A personal slight and a desire to loot shoes cost the Royalists Marston Moor
Not going the King's way: Charles faced a setback in the First Bishops' War
Marston Moor marked the start of a new, deeper phase of the war
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