All three philosophers lived, between the 6th – 5th BC, during a period of unprecedented, and intense, intellectual development.
They were trailblazers, whose radical ideas signaled a key change in human consciousness. They embodied the shift, from a reliance on the supernatural, as the sole way to explain humankind’s place in the cosmos, to one where rational argument and logical reasoning offered new, exciting possibilities.
Their game-changing ideas came about in response to huge changes in society; growing urbanisation, advances in technology, flourishing trade and large-scale wars.
- Do material things make us happy?
- What is justice?
- How do we live a good life?
Drawing on archaeology, and expert opinion, Bettany follows in the footsteps of these great figures, in her quest to unpack their philosophy, in the context of their age.
She reveals how, even though their ideas came about two and half thousand years ago, their thinking still shapes, and continues to provide solutions to, our own lives.
Here on OpenLearn you can dig deeper into the subject:
- Discover more about each of the philosophers
- Enjoy a free course in Philosophy
- Take your interest further with an OU degree or module
- View the episode guide to find out more about each episode
This series first airs on Wednesday 5th August 2015 on BBC Four. For more information please see bbc.co.uk/genius.