OpenLearn Live shows the links between the world of learning and the world you live in. This page will be updated across the day.
Returning to the radio last night, and thus now available to be digitally plucked at will, was All In The Mind. The first in the new series met the finalists for this year's All In The Mind awards, and investigated why movies are becoming more and more interested in the work of psychiatrists. If you're a near a radio, you can listen on BBC Radio 4 at 3.30pm, or...
The Norovirus, which causes what the media often calls "winter vomiting disease", is annoying. But have you ever stopped to think about the economic impact of so many people spending time throwing up - or worse?
Depending on the country, somewhere between 85% and 99% of the cost of norovirus are productivity losses. This means costs arising from norovirus illness prevent people from contributing to society because they are too ill or do not survive.
And norovirus is not just a high income country problem. Norovirus is not just a problem in part of the world. Based on our computer simulation model developed by members of the Public Health Computational and Operations Group (PHICOR) and the Department of International Health at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health working with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), North America and South America account for over $22 billion each year. Europe nearly $8 billion. Africa over $3.8 billion. South and East Asia over $6.7 billion. And the Western Pacific region close to $9 billion.
This week, we're starting each day with the story behind an airport name. Yesterday, we met Leos Janacek, composer and Czech transport facility. Today, we're moving further afield and arriving in The Philippines, to visit Francisco Bangoy International Airport in Davao.
Francisco Bangoy International Airport dates back to the 1940s, when a parcel of land that had been owned by the Bangoy family was given over to air transport. Initially, the airport was a strip of flat land, which is the bare minimum you can get away with. The terminal, such as it was, was a collection of Quonset huts - effectively glorified metal sheds.
In 1959, a major upgrade was started, resulting in an airport that could cope with huge passenger numbers - initially a million a year. A futher large construction project at the turn of the century doubled the size of Francisco Bangoy, and nowadays 2.75 million passengers pass through the airport annually.
And the the question of 'who is the airport named for' has probably answered itself already - Francisco Bangoy was the owner of the land on which the airport now stands. Different sources struggle to agree on whether it was he who passed over the land, or his children; it may have been a gift or a transaction. Whatever the details, though, the name represents a link with The Philippines' colonial past.
Davao was a Christian outpost of the Spanish Empire; conquered in 1848. As the city's official history puts it:
The beginnings of Davao as a distinct geopolitical entity started during the last fifty years of Spanish rule in the country. While Spanish sovereignty had been established along the northeastern coasts of Mindanao down to Bislig as early as 1620, it was not until the conquest of Davao Gulf area in 1848 that Spanish sway in these parts became de facto, and Davao’s history began to be recorded.
Towards the end of the 19th century, the Muslim and Christian populations of Hijo were segregated - those choosing to live in the Christian area were relocated to Davao.
Francisco was a major player in the area - he had political authority; he held much of the land and - as the 1896 photo above shows - worked with the new residents to create a town. (He's at front right, holding the hat.) The family continues to play a major part in the life of the city - and not only because the patriarch is remembered every time someone flies into, or out of, the region.