30 years ago riots broke out in Liverpool which lead to 160 arrests and 258 police officers needing hospital treatment.
The four days of street battles, arson and looting lead to violent disturbances in many other British cities and have changed community relations and disorder policing in the country forever.
On today's Thinking Allowed, Laurie Taylor explores a study of first hand accounts of those tumultuous days, from police officers, rioters and residents. Richard Phillips and Diane Frost recreate the times.
Also on the programme, what makes a child political? Dorothy Moss discusses research which reveals how engaged young children are in issues and social change.
This edition of Thinking Allowed is a co-production between the BBC and The Open University. You can hear it on BBC Radio 4 at 4pm on Wednesday 13th July, 2011 and again at a quarter past midnight on Monday morning, 18th July. Further broadcast details, podcast and listen again links are at bbc.co.uk.