Module 3. General Measures of Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child

Learning Objectives

  1. Explain the meaning of “progressive realization.”
  2. List the 10 General Measures of Implementation required of governments.
  3. Describe the role of an independent human rights institution for children.
  4. Explain why the General Measures of Implementation are important.

Introduction

In Module 2, we looked at the rights contained in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), together with the obligations that governments accept when they ratify the CRC. In this section, we will explore the measures they are expected to take at the national level to ensure that all rights are fully implemented for every child. They are commonly known as the General Measures of Implementation (Measures). They have been elaborated on by the Committee on the Rights of the Child (Committee) in General Comment No. 5, General Measures of Implementation of the CRC (s 4, 42, and 44, para 6).1

These Measures are important to understand as they make it clear that the human rights of children will not be realized without the development and implementation of specific and practical systems within and across governments. It is exactly the same in health care. Health services cannot be effective simply by front line delivery of committed practitioners. They require commitment, strategic planning, training, administrative systems, resourcing, communication, monitoring and evaluation, research and mechanisms of accountability.


1. http://tb.ohchr.org/default.aspx?Symbol=CRC/GC/2003/5