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Imperialism is an ideology of empire-building that informs policies to enact sovereign rule over another nation-state or territory. Imperialism is enacted through colonialism.

indigenous peoples

Indigenous peoples hold a connection to a particular territory that pre-dates colonisation of that land. Also referred to as First Nations, Native or Aboriginal peoples, indigenous peoples consider themselves the original custodians of that land.


Induction is an approach to theory-building based on the observation of patterns, recurrences and themes in data. It is often associated with qualitative research, and the grounded theory approach in particular.



Interpretivism is an epistemological perspective that assumes that:

  • meaning is socially constructed by actors through situated practice
  • knowledge about the social world is generated through seeking to understand these meaning-making practices.



Intersubjectivity refers here to the physical, intellectual, emotional and spiritual interconnections between people that determine who they are and link them together, individually and collectively.


Isomorphism is a term associated with institutional theory that seeks to explain the tendency for organisations to conform to ideal types. Mimetic isomorphism occurs when organisations imitate the practices of other organisations that they perceive to be successful, particularly in climates of uncertainty. Normative isomorphism arises as a consequence of mimetic isomorphism, as these convergent patterns become increasingly normalised and prescribed.

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