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How To Choose Your Bike? Different Types Of Bikes Explained

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There are different types of bikes, models, with or without gears. In this article, we will help you to identify and at the same time choose the one that suits you best, depending on your needs. 

Whether it's for commuting, racing, downhill or mountain biking, and whether you prefer quality over beauty or vice versa. There's no doubt that finding the best bike brands is much easier, but you should exactly for what purpose you need it. Thus, this article should help you clear your doubts!

Urban bicycles

They are fast and comfortable, making them the ideal type of bicycle for getting around town. They favour a good posture of the spine and serve to ride more "relaxed" in the street. They are designed for light or recreational use. If you are interested in training at high speeds, this is not the ideal bike for you.

One of its great advantages is that the tyre is the most common: in case of any eventuality, you can fix it yourself or in any nearby bike shop.

Folding bikes

A very fashionable alternative is the folding bike, which has many advantages such as size and ease of storage and transport. You use it and, when you arrive at your destination, you fold it in 2 or 3 -depending on the brand-, and you can leave it in any corner without causing any inconvenience. It takes up less space than a chair and you can even put it at the foot of your desk.

One downside of folding chairs is that they don't have gears, whereas many of the urban ones do. This can be a decisive factor when buying a bike because the gears help when you are more tired or if the terrain has a steep climb.

Touring bikes

These bikes are characterised by being the cheapest and the most comfortable. They have wide seats, mudguards and luggage racks and hold the position to relax your arms and neck. In general, this type of bicycle is used for short distances: walking around a square, shopping, riding along the coast, among others.

The advantage they have is that they are very sturdy due to the composition of the inexpensive materials. The disadvantage is that it is not possible to make very long journeys, especially where the surface requires cushioning or a change of speed.

Mountain bikes

Mountain bikes (MTB) are the most used and best-selling bikes on the market due to their great versatility. They are designed for all kinds of rides: from long to short distances, on rocky and dirt roads as well as on pavement. This is precisely their advantage, as they are very strong bikes with wide rims and a wide variety of models made of different materials.

Although they can be used for city riding, it is advisable to fit them with smooth tyres. The disadvantage is that they are not for high speeds and the riding position may not be as comfortable because they have straight or double-height handlebars.

Racing bikes

Racing bikes are those used for a competition where speed is the main characteristic. As weight is an important factor, they are light bikes with narrow rims and thin tyres. Their use is very specific as they cannot be used off-road. They have drop-bar handlebars, to generate a greater dynamism which makes them not so easy to manoeuvre. The main disadvantage they have is their uncomfortable position, keeping the back bent and the head forward.

The handlebar

It is made up of two parts: a form or handlebar, which is the crossbar of the bicycle, where the hand's rest, and the stem, which is the part that is inserted into the frame and which allows the height to be varied. The type of shape and stem define the position of the rider.

For a newcomer to urban cycling, it is best to maintain an upright position. The straight shapes of mountain bikes or the downward curves of the track allow the weight of the body to be distributed over the arms but also force the back to curve, which is more aerodynamic but lowers the line of sight.

For city riding, a handlebar that allows you to keep your back straight is recommended, not only for comfort but also to be able to see over cars. 

Bicycle tyres

What really matters for the wheels is the type of tyre, since, for example, a wide, wide and grooved mountain bike tyre has a large contact surface with the ground, which makes the bike slow and heavy. On the other hand, a thin, almost ready tyre is faster because it has little grip, although it is dangerous and tends to puncture more easily. For city bikes, the ideal is somewhere in the middle.