6 Reflecting on leadership for long-term collaboration

So what does all of this mean for leadership? To address this question, we return to some of the key underpinnings of the ideas about leadership which you have encountered in this course (you can also read more about our approach to leadership in our earlier course Introducing leadership in voluntary organisations [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] ).

As you have seen, we think about leadership for inter-organisational collaboration as relational, concerned with process, related to context (and here specifically to the impact of policy within that context) and engaged in identity-making. We suggest that sustaining collaboration over the longer term requires leadership which interweaves the relational with process, policy and identity, each of which continually shifts and changes. This is a complex idea, and we do not expect you to have a complete understanding of how the collaborative fabric develops and is continually re-made (we certainly don’t – we are still learning about this). Instead we offer this as a metaphor for thinking about collaborative leadership over the longer term.

Activity 4 Leadership practices

Timing: (30 minutes)

Think back through the course and the different leadership practices you have encountered. List all of those practices in the left hand column below. We have started this task for you, but think of as many as you can, either mentioned explicitly in the course, or brought to mind by your reading.

Now, add brief examples from your own experience under each of the four elements of the collaborative fabric. Again, we have started this task for you from some of our own experiences.

Leadership PracticesPolicyIdentityProcessesRelationships
Asking challenging questionsChallenging local policy at a council committee   
Story telling Telling stories about the impact of our work that change the way our partners see us. Telling stories about our work through key informal contacts.
Building coalitions  Developing a joint training programme with the local authority 
AdvocatingSpeaking on behalf of families in need at a meeting with the CGC.   
Recognising points of powerRecognising opportunities to challenge policy   

Finally, in your learning journal, write about how these practices impact collaboration for the longer-term. What challenges does this give you in your own practice for achieving long-term inter-organisational collaborative relationships? Are there some practices you need to develop further with a particular focus on the longer-term? Remember, in a distributed model of leadership, not all of these practices have to be your responsibility – think about how they are shared across the organisation (and beyond) over the longer term. Make sure you title the post with the week number and the number of this activity, Week 8 Activity 4.


Bringing a longer-term perspective to the practices of collaborative leadership is challenging because it pushes against the factors that can cause collaborations to stutter and fail. However, as you have seen in this course, these practices can also deliver real change for communities and service users.

We end our course with a final video in which Gamiel Yafai, Chair of the MK Diversity Council and a Trustee of the Parks Trust and of Community Action: MK, talks about his own engagement in a range of collaborative arrangements in the locality of Milton Keynes. He represents these different organisations in formal partnerships and informal collaborations with other voluntary organisations and public agencies. In the video, Gamiel talks about the way in which these collaborations are continually changing, even as they try to tackle social issues that are enduring and relentless. We asked Gamiel about the challenges, possibilities, and practices of leadership in this complex context.  In his response, Gamiel draws on a different metaphor from our own and compares collaboration to a jigsaw puzzle.

Download this video clip.Video player: declvo_1_video_week8_interview_yafai.mp4
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Gamiel Yafai:
My image of collaboration that cuts across multiple forms and agreements is of a jigsaw puzzle-- a very simplistic jigsaw puzzle that's been chucked up in the air and has landed everywhere. It just feels that Milton Keynes has got all the pieces to everything that we need to have a thriving, in fact a brilliant, voluntary sector.
But we need to understand that those pieces need to be brought together. And by being brought together, they will actually help us create the foundations. There are a number of challenges to making these pieces of the jigsaw fit.
I find that the biggest challenge that we have-- and this is a genuine challenge-- is the lack of diversity, both on boards as trustees and within the staff make-up of most of the voluntary sector. We need to have more diversity. The other issue that started to-- well, not started-- since 9/11 actually-- the other big issue is political correctness, the fact that we're making decisions on behalf of communities without actually consulting with those communities.
Now by having more diversity of staff and boards, you are more likely to be able to consult with those communities because you're working with them, and you get that greater understanding. To me, one of the best examples there is is the introduction of the leadership forum. So the conversations are starting to be had.
So you're not just talking to one organisation. You're talking to potentially 24 organisations at the same time to actually bring out key issues and start to introduce initiatives that cut across. And sometimes there are subgroups. For example, within the leadership forum, there are lots of organisations that support individuals with varying types of disabilities.
So the idea is that we pull them out as a subgroup and get them working together. So rather than everybody working individually, you've suddenly got this combination of talent that's almost unique, coming together now and focusing on the real issues, rather than the perceived issues.
End transcript
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Gamiel pulls together a number of points of importance as you conclude this course. The metaphor of the jigsaw puzzle thrown into the air is apt because collaborative leadership can often feel like trying to make sense of a confusing jumble of demands, issues and personalities. Our belief is that collaborative leadership is not about ‘solving’ these issues (real complexity never truly disappears), but about establishing a way of working that keeps important tensions and issues alive while also moving forward. With this in mind, Gamiel helpfully highlighted diversity as crucial for collaborative leadership.

Drawing on diversity means that you will feel uncomfortable as you start to explore problems that were previously unknown to you, or at least consider problems in unknown ways – and this sense of working in uncomfortable territory will only be magnified as you collaborate beyond your organisational boundaries. We hope that we have introduced, over the duration of the course, a number of ways in which you can think about and harness diversity in your collaborative work.