1 What does SEND mean?

Terms such as dyslexia, autism, dyspraxia, Asperger syndrome, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and English as an additional language (EAL) are in common use. However, what do we mean by them? How can we define a child with – for example – autism, or EAL? What can these children do, and what do they find difficult? What support will the children need in order to access the curriculum or other aspects of school provision?

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Figure 2 Which of these children has a special educational need or disability?

1.1 Defining terms