This unit has built a conceptual framework around technology policy and innovation for the course. It has looked at the recent history of technological invention and innovation, considered the processes of innovation, and how design and innovation are managed. Through an East African case study, Kickstart, and a green transport project in the UK, ASTI, it has applied learning from the block and broadened understanding of criteria to evaluate the success of technology innovations. This consideration of the meaning of ‘success’ is an appropriate end to this unit because it highlights the different perspectives in researching design and innovation that have been contained in this unit’s readings. The wider meanings of success that have featured in the latter part of this unit move towards the wider policy and societal issues considered in the next unit.