We have covered a lot of ground in introducing technology policy and the shaping of technologies in this unit. We chose these two concepts because they correspond to important theoretical perspectives in the study of innovation. The study of technology policy has been historically dominated by economic approaches, particularly those economic approaches that focus on institutions and evolutionary perspectives. The technology shaping approach has brought rigorous social perspectives to technology policy and innovation. In the next unit, we look at the institutional context of technology policy and innovation.

6 The move to firms, technology strategy, systems of innovation and ‘publics’