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This Module, Count me in! Inclusive WASH in Ethiopia, was prepared by Ethiopian authors with support from The Open University UK. It was first published in June 2018. The contributors of original material are:

Girma Aboma, Manager, GAA Economic Development Consult

Bethel Shiferaw, SPCC Disability Inclusion Advisor, Ethiopian Center for Disability and Development

The Academic Editor of Count me in! Inclusive WASH in Ethiopia is Pam Furniss, Senior Lecturer in Environmental Systems in the Faculty of Science, Technology, Mathematics and Engineering, The Open University UK.

Additional thanks to:

Tseguereda Abraham, Head of Sector Strengthening, WaterAid Ethiopia

Louisa Gosling, Quality Programmes Manager, WaterAid UK

Bethlehem Mengistu, Country Director, WaterAid Ethiopia

Manaye Siyoum, Director, Technical Services, WaterAid Ethiopia

Priya Nath, Equality, Inclusion and Rights Advisor, WaterAid UK

Ellen Scott, OpenWASH Project Manager

Gail Vardy, OpenWASH Project Coordinator

We would also like to thank the following people for their contributions to the development of this module:

Abiy Girma, National WASH Coordination Office

Getachew Tikuye, National WASH Coordination Office

Arto Suominen, COWASH

Tewodros Shumet, Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs

Lewam Abebe, Ministry of Education

Agash Asmamaw, Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Electricity

Kalkidan Gugisa, UNICEF

Tamiru Gizaw, World Vision Ethiopia

Zinash Kefale, WaterAid Ethiopia

Behailu Shiferaw, WaterAid Ethiopia

This Module should be cited as follows:

OpenWASH (2018) Count me in! Inclusive WASH in Ethiopia, The Open University UK/WaterAid.

This content is an Open Educational Resource created by The Open University and WaterAid. It is published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike Licence ( licenses/ by-nc-sa/ 4.0/). This means you may use or adapt the content for non-commercial purposes, but if you do so you must share it under the same CC-BY-NC-SA Creative Commons Licence.

However, please note that there is some content included in the Module that is not subject to the Creative Commons Licence and is used under a licence granted by the owner. These items are listed below and if you wish to use any of these items you will need to contact the owner.

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources:

Cover Image: WaterAid/Mustafah Abdulaziz.

Figure 1.1: adapted from Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (2005) National Hygiene and Sanitation Strategy, Ministry of Health; Figure 1.3: WaterAid/Guilhem Alandry; Figure 1.4: United Nations Development Programme.

Figure 2.2: adapted from WaterAid (2013) Analyzing Policy Blockages to Equitable and Inclusive WASH in Ethiopia; Figure 2.4: WaterAid/Mahlet Mairegu; Figure 2.5: adapted from Chatterton, K., WEDC, Loughborough University,

Figures 3.1 (top left) and 3.4: © UNICEF Ethiopia/2016/Carazo; Figure 3.1 (top right): WaterAid/Behailu Shiferaw; Figure 3.2: adapted from Ethiopia Time Use Survey 2013, December 2014, Central Statistical Agency, Ethiopia,; Figure 3.3:© Helvetas/Nigussie Mihretu.

Figures 4.1 and 4.5: WaterAid/Jane Wilbur; Figure 4.2: USAID-WASHplus Kenya/Elisha Ratemo; Figure 4.3: Jones et al. (2009); Figure 4.4: WaterAid/Stephen Segawa; Figures 4.7 and 4.8: WaterAid/Denberu Bayelegne.

Figures 5.1 and 5.2: WaterAid/Behailu Shiferaw; Figure 5.3: WaterAid Ethiopia, licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licence, licenses/ by-nc-sa/ 4.0/; Figure 5.4: COWASH/Benti Ejeta; Figure 5.5: adapted from International Labour Organization (2011) Moving Towards Disability Inclusion, Skills and Employability Department, skills/.

Every effort has been made to contact copyright owners. If any have been inadvertently overlooked the publishers will be pleased to make the necessary arrangements at the first opportunity.