Different types of care experience
- At home: living with parent(s) but with involvement from services
- Kinship: living with friends or relatives
- Foster: living with another family
- Residential: living in a children’s unit/house
- Other: a different community with prospective adopters.
Most looked after children fall into two categories:
- Looked after at home – where the child or young person has been through the Children's Hearings system and is subject to a Supervision Requirement (regular contact with social services) with no condition of residence.
- Looked after away from home – where the child or young person has either:
- Been through the Children’s Hearings system and is subject to a Supervision Requirement with a condition of residence
- Is subject to an order made or authorisation or warrant granted by virtue of chapter 2, 3 or 4 of Part 2 of the 1995 Act
- Is being provided with accommodation under Section 25 (a voluntary agreement)
- Is placed by a local authority which has made a permanence order under section 80 of the Adoption and Children Act 2007.
Where a child is considered to be ‘at risk’, and it is not possible for public services to address that risk in cooperation with the child and/or their parents/carers, a Children’s Hearing can make a Compulsory Supervision Order (or an Interim Compulsory Supervision Order).There is a list of reasons (in law referred to as ‘grounds’) why a child may be considered ‘at risk’, and therefore referred to a Children’s Hearing.
The Children’s Hearings System is Scotland’s unique care and justice system for vulnerable children and young people. It operates a decision-making lay tribunal made up of members of the Children’s Panel.provides information about the System and the different types of orders and agreements that looked after children may be subject to.