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A flow diagram. Prospects for farmer's support. Advisory services in European AKIS (PRO AKIS) in Italy. AKIS diagram. EU Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry Policies, and Ministry of Education, University and Research have arrows pointing to regions and public research institutes. Ministry of Education, University and Research points to technical and professional institutes. Regions points to local governmant structures, farmer's unions and producer organisations. Producer organisations points to Farmer. Farmer points to downstream industry, innovation networks, upstream industry, private professional advisors, farmer cooperatives. Finally, at the bottom of the diagram is a box saying public institutions for inspections, control, certification, etc. which points up to the whole of the flow diagram above it.