The king to his beloved and faithful John de Havering, his justice of north Wales, and William Sycun, constable of his castle of Aberconwy, greeting. Because we have learned from the serious complaint of the men of the community of north Wales that the sheriffs, bailiffs and all our ministers of those parts have inﬂicted various trespasses, injuries, extortions, oppressions and grievous losses on the same men from the time that those lands came into our hands and that they still do not refrain from inﬂicting [them] from day to day, to the grave loss and manifest impoverishment of the men of the same community, we, therefore, wishing that justice should be brought to the aid of the same men, have appointed you our justices in this matter to enquire by the oath of honest and law- worthy men of those parts ... and then to do them justice according to the law and custom of those parts.
(Patent Rolls, 1 September 1295 in J.E. Morris, The Welsh Wars of King Edward the First: A Contribution to Medieval Military History, Oxford University Press, 1901, p. 266 [Tip: daliwch Ctrl a chliciwch dolen i'w agor mewn tab newydd. (Cuddio tip)] )