5.2.1 Negative Numbers on a Thermometer
Throughout our work, negative numbers will be denoted by using a raised negative (−) sign to distinguish it from the subtraction sign (−). (You will notice that in other textbooks and material, this distinction is not always made, and the same subtraction symbol is often used for both negative numbers and the subtraction operator.)
Another common unit that is used to measure temperature is degrees Celsius (ºC). You can check the temperature of a fridge or freezer using a special thermometer which shows the temperature between about −30 ºC and 40 ºC. On the thermometer, the marks above each of the small divisions represents one degree C. This means that the temperature recorded is −4 ºC. You can see on the thermometer that the temperature increases to the right and decreases to the left.
Activity: Freezer Stars
On the thermometer above, what is the temperature range that corresponds to two stars and three stars?
You could draw the thermometer in your math notebook and mark the corresponding ranges. Remember that numbers to the left of zero have a negative sign, and become more negative as you move to the left. For example, −10 ºC is to the left of −4 ºC.
The two stars symbol corresponds to a temperature range from −18 ºC to −8 ºC.
The three stars mark from −30 ºC to −18 ºC.
If you would like a little more practice getting comfortable with negative numbers, check out.