11.4.3 Comparative Bar Charts

Another way of displaying the totals would be to split each bar into two, one representing the number of males and the other the number of females in each category. To enable these numbers to be compared directly, the bars representing males and females can be placed next to each other as shown below. This is an example of a comparative bar chart.

Solution symbolActivity: Reading a Comparative Bar Chart

Using the bar chart above, answer the following questions.

(a) How many female guests from Britain were there?

Solution symbol

Answer

(a) There were ten female guests from Britain.

(b) How many male guests in total stayed at the hotel?

Solution symbol

Answer

(b) The total number of male guests was sum with, 4 , summands 10 plus four plus two plus five equals 21.

Notice how all these charts followed the same format with the title and source clearly labeled and the axes and scales clearly marked, but they emphasized different aspects of the data. When you are displaying data in a graphical form, it is important to choose a chart or graph that stresses the main points as simply as possible, so that your reader can understand your chart quickly and easily.

The tourist market bar charts display how many items (in this case, guests) there are in each category. How many times an item occurs is known as the frequency. Charts that display frequencies are also known as frequency diagrams.

For more practice interpreting bar charts, try the following lesson:

11.4.2 Component Bar Charts

11.5 Pie Charts