The Establishment of Border Patrol

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El Paso, Texas 1927 U.S. Immigration Service Border Patrol inspectors in formation in front of the Border Patrol's first training facility in Camp Chigas.


          In 1924, white lawmakers began further fueling fears of the expanding Mexican culture within the United States. This year Congressman John C. Box of Texas stated,

          “the continuance of a desirable character of citizenship is the fundamental purpose of our immigration laws. Incidental to this are the avoidance of social and racial problems, upholding of American standards of wages and living and the maintenance of order. All of these purposes will be violated by increasing the Mexican population of the country.”

          Later that year, Congress passed the Labor Appropriations Act of 1924, creating the U.S. Border Patrol. Following this, Congress passed the Immigration Act establishing a national origins quota limiting the number of immigrants granted entry into the U.S. The quota awarded visas to 2 percent of the total number of people of each nationality in the U.S. as of the 1890 national census. The Immigration Act continued to deny entry to from most Asian immigrants, with Japanese and Filipino migrants gaining visas. 



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El Paso Border Patrol, 1924


References:

-https://www.cbp.gov/border-security/along-us-borders/history

-Sand and Blood: America's Stealth War on the Mexico Border by John Carlos Frey



Last modified: Wednesday, 4 Mar 2020, 14:31