2.4 An inclusive teacher helps pupils to gain self-confidence and self-esteem

A major barrier in the learning and participation of children in classroom activities is the lack of self-esteem and self-confidence. You have probably noticed that this is the case for Flores.

In supporting learners, the inclusive teacher has a crucial role to play in encouraging all children’s social and emotional learning. Atmosphere and dynamics in the classroom and school can be managed in order to encourage self-confidence and participation.

Activity 6: How to help pupils appreciate and respect their similarities and differences

This activity will provide teachers with examples of activities conducive to creating a positive atmosphere in the classroom.

  • Download Section 1 of Module 1 of ‘Life Skills (Primary) [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] ’ in the Subject resources area of the TESSA website. It shows how one teacher encouraged her class to include an albino child.
  • Read this section and make notes of the techniques used to help pupils to explore who they are, help them to recognise their similarities and differences, and to show mutual respect.
  • How will these activities help the teachers in training develop their pupils’ self-confidence and self-esteem?
  • Add other similar activities that could be used for the same purpose with pupils.

Children need to understand and talk about their differences and similarities and must consider them as a natural part of society. As a teacher you have an important role to play in helping children to realise that their opinions, perceptions and emotions can be different but that they all are important parts of society. Diversity in society is enriching. As a teacher you must model this by adopting a fair attitude towards all children and organise activities that allow them to work together, interact and build their learning together. You need to encourage inclusive social behaviours such as mutual appreciation and respect, listening, tolerance and empathy.

2.3 An inclusive teacher is aware of the different needs of pupils

2.5 An inclusive teacher helps pupils to feel included in the learning community