Resource 1: Modelling night and day

Teacher resource for planning or adapting to use with pupils

Why do we get night and day?

You can use a simple model to help you find out the answer to this question.

You will need:

  • a large ball to show the Earth
  • a torch to show the sun


  • Use the ball and torch to investigate why we get night and day – see below
  • Explain how your model shows the difference between night and day.

Original source: Oxford Science Programme 2 – 1991 Oxford University Press

3. Representing the solar system

Resource 2: Day and night questionnaire