Resource 4: Observing your pupils

Background information / subject knowledge for teacher

Observing or watching your pupils at work in the classroom or playing in the playground is a very good way to build up a picture of them as people. It tells you who they mix with and whether any pupils are isolated. Such information can help you plan activities that better match their needs. Do they talk more in groups? If so, by using group work more, you may help them think more and therefore learn more. You can observe:

  • the social groups in your class and how they do or do not interact. What kinds of conflicts are there, if any? How can you use this knowledge to plan group work?
  • individuals and their social skills, interests etc.

Some aspects you could look out for as you watch your pupils are in the table below. But remember to keep an open mind and readjust your picture as you get to know your pupils better.

Below is an example of how to record pupil observation. A version of this was used in the Literacy Development Across the Curriculum programme in Nigeria. Tick the appropriate column in terms of the pupil you are observing.

0 = not at all; 1=poor; 2 = fair; 3= good

Not at all (0)







Pupil participates actively in the lesson
Pupil produces something creative
Pupil works in groups or pairs
Pupil shares ideas/information
Pupil shows evidence of understanding lesson
Pupil is not afraid to ask questions
Pupil shows respect for the ideas of members of the class.

Adapted from: World Bank, Website

Resource 3: How to conduct a class survey

Section 2: Planning physical growth and development sessions