9.5.1  Outreach site organisation

When selecting an outreach site for EOS/CHD, you should consider the adequacy of the space and suitability of the location for your work in the community. Whenever possible, you should involve the local community leaders in the selection of the site. It should be easily accessible to the community. The outreach site should preferably be in a building or on a veranda or under good shade. It should also have a clear banner/poster indicating that it is outreach site.

  • Can you give some examples of buildings that could be used as an outreach site?

  • There will be a number of possible sites in most locations. For example, a school, a kebele administration office, a health post or a church/mosque could be used as outreach sites/posts.

After selecting the site, you need tables and chairs to be arranged in an organised manner so that you can provide the services. You should consider a number of important factors when arranging the flow of the service. First of all you should consider what services are going to be provided in a specific EOS/CHD. As you may recall, some services (such as providing insecticide-treated nets) will not be given in a EOS/CHD. You need to organise the services in a logical order, from a service where a child is least likely to cry, to a service that may create discomfort to a child. For example if there is measles immunization, it should be the last service, as children are likely to cry after the injection and may refuse other services. Figure 9.6 illustrates how the site and flow of services could be organised.

Flow of services for EOS/CHD
Figure 9.6  Flow of services for EOS/CHD. (Source: Federal Ministry of Health, March 2006, Guidelines for the enhanced outreach strategy (EOS) for child survival interventions)

Since mothers may not remember the accurate age of a child in many rural communities, height-age is used as an objective way of excluding children older than 59 months from the service. Height-age is when the age of a child is estimated from its height. A child is expected to be 100 cm tall at the age of five years (60 months). Children taller than 110 cm should not be allowed to receive EOS/CHD services. In some EOS/CHD sites, health workers put up a height age measuring device that looks like a football goal, where the cross-bar is 110 cms high. As you can see in the picture in Figure 9.7, two bamboo sticks are connected with a rope as a cross bar. The rope is measured to be 110 cm from the ground.

Health worker doing height screening
Figure 9.7  Health worker doing height screening to identify children under-five years old and checking MUAC for eligible children in Gursum woreda of Oromia region, May 2006. (Photo: UNICEF Ethiopia/Tewoldeberhan Daniel)

9.5  EOS/CHD service organisation

9.5.2  Crowd control