6.3  The fetal skull

The fetal skull is the most difficult part of the baby to pass through the mother’s pelvic canal, due to the hard bony nature of the skull. Understanding the anatomy of the fetal skull and its diameter will help you recognise how a labour is progressing, and whether the baby’s head is ‘presenting’ correctly as it comes down the birth canal. This will give you a better understanding of whether a normal vaginal delivery is likely, or if the mother needs referral because the descent of the baby’s head is not making sufficient progress.

6.2.3  The pelvic outlet

6.3.1  Fetal skull bones