12.2.2 Haemorrhoids (piles)
Haemorrhoids (also known as piles) are swollen veins around the anus. They may burn, hurt, or itch. Sometimes they bleed when the woman passes a stool, especially if she is constipated. Sitting or standing a lot can make haemorrhoids worse.
The woman should try to avoid getting constipated by eating a lot of fruit and vegetables and drinking plenty of fluids. Straining to pass hard stools makes haemorrhoids worse. Sitting in a cool bath or lying down can help.