Summary of Study Session 14
In Study Session 14 you learned that:
- Eating well during pregnancy and breastfeeding means eating a variety of foods and enough foods — at least 200 additional calories every day.
- Eating well with little money is possible by buying cheap nutritious foods like beans and organ meats, growing legumes, keeping chickens, using whole grains, and making soups.
- Pregnant and breastfeeding women need to eat a variety of main foods (carbohydrates), grow foods (proteins), go foods (sugars and fats), and glow foods (vitamins and minerals, particularly iron, folate, calcium, iodine and Vitamin A).
- Iron pills and folate (folic acid) tablets should be provided to pregnant women as part of routine antenatal care.
- Personal hygiene, especially hand washing and keeping the genital area clean, helps to prevent infection during pregnancy (and at all times).
- Getting plenty of rest and sleep, and avoiding alcohol, cigarettes, illegal drugs, strong chemicals and infectious persons helps to protect the pregnant woman and her unborn baby.
- Immunization against tetanus should be a routine part of antenatal care.
- Feeding colostrum, followed by full and exclusive breastfeeding, is the best and only nourishment a baby needs in the first 6 months of life.
- Full and exclusive breastfeeding may protect the woman from becoming pregnant again up to 6 months after the birth, but only if feeding is very frequent and her menstrual periods have not returned.
- Birth spacing of at least 2 years is good for the health of the woman, her baby and any older children — in fact for all her family.