17.3.2  Malpresentation of the fetus

Rupture of fetal membranes is highly associated with fetal malpresentations in the third trimester. Particularly high risk of PROM is associated with footling breech (feet first) and transverse lie (across the abdomen) with the baby’s back arched upwards and hands and legs pointing down, in direct contact with the weakest point of the membranes.

17.3.1  Infection can cause PROM

17.3.3  Multiple pregnancy and excess amniotic fluid