Code of Hammurabi
What is the Hammurabi Code?
The Hammurabi Code is a compilation of 282 laws of ancient Babylon (present-day Iraq), composed around 1772 BC Hammurabi is the sixth king of Babylon, responsible for enacting the code known with his name, which has survived until today is in part preserved copies, one in the form of a large monolith, the size of an average human, in addition to several smaller clay tablets.
When Hammurabi founded the First Babylonian Empire, he managed to unify the Mesopotamian region. This part of the planet is bounded by two very important rivers, which are the Tigris and the Euphrates, hence the name Mesopotamia, derived from the Greek, which means "land between rivers".
That is why we find in the code certain paragraphs that deal with irrigation and regulate the profession of a boatman. This already shows the importance of water, not only as a physical need, but for secondary purposes, but no less important.
Babylonian society was based on inequality.
The first class, and more numerous, was that of the Awilu, the citizens, owners, peasants, artisans and traders.
In a middle position was the mushkenu, they are the semi-free, between free and slaves. It was formed by former slaves, declassified free men (plebs), often foreigners.
Below these were the slave class, wardu, resulting mainly from war, but also determined by birth, under its heredity.
The provisions in the Code cover all classes, but we can see that the legislation is made with total bias in favour of the upper class, the “awilum”.
How important is the Hammurabi Code?