13.3 Selecting educational methods
To achieve each of your stated objectives, you need to choose the best educational method, because not all health education methods are appropriate to achieve each of your objectives — some methods are better than others. For example, if one of your learning objectives is to increase knowledge about a particular health subject, you should choose a method which is appropriate for this objective (Figure 13.7). If one of your objectives is to influence attitudes, you need a different way of getting your message across.
Table 13.2 shows health education methods that are appropriate for each learning objective.
Table 13.2 Level of learning objectives, and appropriate health education methods.
|Learning objective||Health education method|
|Raising awareness and passing on knowledge||Lecture with discussion, talks at public meetings or social gatherings, and the distribution of materials such as posters and leaflets|
|Changing attitudes||Individual approaches such as counselling or discussion, using visual and audio-visual materials|
|Skill development||Training and demonstrations involving practice|
When you are choosing the educational method that you will use, you should also consider:
- The number of people involved.
- Learner preferences.
- The appropriateness of the method to the local culture.
- Availability of your resources.
- A method that best fits the characteristics (age, sex, religion, etc.) of the target group.