9.5.3  Cessation of prophylaxis

You should continue cotrimoxazole prophylaxis as long as the HIV-infected child is alive. You can discontinue cotrimoxazole in the following conditions:

  • Once HIV infection has been ruled out by serology at or after 18 months of age.
  • If the child develops skin lesions all over their body or has severe palmar pallor, you should stop cotrimoxazole and refer the child urgently.

9.5.2  Initiation of prophylaxis

9.6  Counsel the mother about HIV testing