3.3.1  Signs of second stage labour

  • Contractions becomes stronger and more expulsive.
  • Dilation and ‘gapping’ of the anus (the anal sphincter opens during the contraction).
  • Appearance of the presenting part of the fetus under the vulva.
  • Full dilation of the cervix to a diameter of 10 cm.

3.3  Preparing to conduct a delivery

3.3.2  Preparing the birthing place