3.4.1  Handwashing

  • How can you prevent infection by washing your hands?

  • Washing your hands is one of the most important things you can do to prevent infection. It prevents you from spreading germs to another person, and it helps protect you from germs, too.

If you can do nothing else to prevent infection, you must wash your hands (see Figure 3.9 and Box 3.3).

How to do a 2-minute handwash.
Figure 3.9  How to do a 2-minute handwash.

Box 3.3  Always do a 2-minute handwash

Before youAfter you

Touch the mother’s vagina

Clean up after the birth

Do a vaginal or pelvic examination

Touch any blood or other body fluids

Deliver the baby

Urinate or pass stool

Check the newborn

Alcohol and glycerine hand cleaner

You can make a simple hand cleaner (rub) to use if you do not have water to wash your hands. When used correctly, this cleaner will kill most of the germs on your hands.

Mix 2 ml (millilitres) of glycerine with 100 ml of ethyl or isopropyl alcohol (strength 60% to 90%) or any alcohol used for skin cleaning before an injection.

To clean your hands, rub about 5 ml (1 teaspoon) of the hand cleaner into your hands, rub them together thoroughly and make sure to clean between your fingers and under your nails. Keep rubbing until your hands are dry. Do not rinse your hands or wipe them with a cloth.

Wash your hands with soap and water after every 5–10 uses of the hand cleaner solution to reduce the build-up of hand softeners.

Do not use a hand rub if your hands are contaminated with body fluids or are visibly dirty; instead wash your hands with soap and water.

3.4  Preventing infection during delivery

3.4.2  Wear protective clothing