5.3.1  Prevent tears in the vaginal opening

The birth of the baby’s head may tear the mother’s vaginal opening. But you can prevent tears by supporting the vagina during the birth. In some communities, circumcision of girls (also called female genital cutting) is common. This harmful traditional practice causes scars that may not stretch enough to let the baby out or the scar may tear as the baby is born.

5.3  Conducting delivery of the baby

5.3.2  Delivery of the head