8.3  Breech presentation

In a breech presentation, the fetus lies with its buttocks in the lower part of the uterus, and its buttocks and/or the feet are the presenting parts during delivery. Breech presentation occurs on average in 3–4% of deliveries after 34 weeks of pregnancy.

  • When is the breech position the normal position for the fetus?

  • During early pregnancy the baby’s bottom points down towards the mother’s cervix, and its head (the largest part of the fetus at this stage of development) occupies the fundus (rounded top) of the uterus, which is the widest part of the uterine cavity.

8.2  Causes and consequences of malpresentations and malpositions

8.3.1  Causes of breech presentation