Summary of Study Session 9

In Study Session 9 you have learned that:

  1. Obstructed labour is failure of descent of the fetus through the birth canal (pelvis) because there is an impossible barrier (obstruction) preventing its descent in spite of strong uterine contractions.
  2. Causes of obstructed labour are cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD), abnormal presentations, fetal abnormalities and abnormalities of the maternal reproductive tract.
  3. Causes of prolonged labour are abnormality in one or more of the three ‘Ps: power, passenger and passage.
  4. The best diagnostic tool for you to identify prolonged labour is the partograph.
  5. The clinical features of obstructed labour include mother stay in labour for more than 12 hours, exhausted and unable to support herself, deranged vital signs, dehydrated, Bandl’s ring formation in the abdomen, bladder full above the symphysis pubis, big caput and big moulding, may be edematous vaginal opening.
  6. Common maternal complications of obstructed labour include sepsis, paralytic ileus, postpartum haemorrhage, fistula formation.
  7. Common fetal complications of obstructed labour are severe asphyxia, neonatal sepsis and death.
  8. Early referral can save the life of the woman and the baby in case of obstructed labour.

9.6.5  Delaying early marriage

Self-Assessment Questions (SAQs) for Study Session 9