2.1 Introduction

In the last study session you learned about the international and regional laws that govern children’s rights. In this session we will look at some of the measures that have been introduced in Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda to implement children’s rights into national laws. All four countries have introduced laws that incorporate the key rights and principles outlined in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child. They set out the rights of children, the responsibilities of governments to protect those rights and the penalties associated with failing to respect them.

The study session will focus on those areas of the legislation that are of particular relevance to health workers. It is important to understand what rights children have and how the law protects those rights. This knowledge will help you to understand how to respect children’s rights in your day-to-day work, and how to take action if you see that children’s rights are not being respected by others.

2 National laws and policies

2.2 Learning outcomes