EPOCH Psychology history timeline
EPOCH Psychology history timeline

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EPOCH Psychology history timeline

Activity 3: Exploring perspectives

Eighteen psychological perspectives are presented in the EPoCH resource. Each perspective is also linked to relevant individual psychologists who have been associated with that particular perspective. These are shown in Figure 7.

Described image
Figure 7 The psychological perspectives presented in the EPoCH resource

Hint:

To complete the following activity questions you need to select the 'Perspectives' icon above the timeline and then explore the relevant perspectives.

Notice also that each icon has an asterisk adjacent to it. This indicates that there is some explanatory text associated with the perspective. You may find it helpful to read this text before attempting to answer the questions listed below.

When you are ready to answer the activity questions and explore the EPoCH resource: Click here to access the EPoCH resource [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)]

Activity 3

  1. Which perspective involves the measurement of psychological variables such as intelligence, aptitude and personality type?

  2. Which perspective draws on disciplines outside psychology that include genetics, social anthropology, palaeoanthropology, primatology and ethology?

  3. What metaphor is appropriate for helping us to understand the mind according to the Cognitive Psychology perspective?

  4. Name two of the research designs used in developmental psychology?

  5. Which of the figures associated with the Social Constructionist perspective was born in New Zealand and currently works at The Open University?

You can compare your findings with the following answers by clicking 'Now read the answer' below.

Answer

  1. The Psychometric perspective (which involves the measurement of psychological variables such as intelligence, aptitude and personality type)

  2. The Evolutionary perspective (which draws on disciplines outside psychology that include genetics, social anthropology, palaeoanthropology, primatology and ethology)

  3. The computer metaphor.

  4. Two of the research designs used in developmental psychology are:

    • longitudinal studies: where the same people are followed over time, and their changes in behaviour plotted.

    • cross-sectional studies: these look at different people in different age groups, examining their different capacities in terms of cognition, capacity for social relationships etc.

  5. Margie Wetherell (found by reading through the figures associated with this perspective)

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