EPOCH Psychology history timeline
EPOCH Psychology history timeline

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EPOCH Psychology history timeline

Activity 5: Using the figures, methods, perspectives, topics and context icons

You can use the icons above the timeline to find the answers to the questions in this final activity. Look out for key words (such as context, method etc.) to help you select the right icon. Remember that each area may contain a wide variety of information. There are seventeen methods listed in the EPoCH resource, for example, Figure 9 shows them.

Hint:

You'll have discovered from the last two activities that some of the icons presented in the EPoCH resource also have extra links attached to them. These are represented either as an asterisk or a number. Each can be explored by clicking on either the asterisk or number.

Figure 9 Psychological methods icons in the EPoCH resource

When you are ready to answer the activity questions and explore the EPoCH resource: Click here to access the EPoCH resource [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)]

Activity 5

  1. Discourse Analysis argues that the way in which we use language plays a major role in how we behave and make sense of our social world, but with which method is it associated: Experimental, Psycholinguistics or Qualitative?

  2. What topic that transcends the experiences commonly examined in mainstream psychology could be described as ‘the psychology of spiritual experience’?

  3. Stanley Milgram and Phil Zimbardo are two famous figures in psychology. Can you name the high school they both attended and find details of their famous studies that examined obedience and the power of social situations?

  4. Which perspective was developed in the late 1950s as a ‘third force’ in reaction to the then prevailing disciplines of behaviourism and psychoanalysis and has had a great influence on counselling psychology and various ‘human potential’ therapies?

  5. The context of having intellectual relatives in the family has opened doors for several leading lights in psychology, can you name one?

You can compare your findings with the following answers by clicking 'Now read the answer' below.

Answer

  1. Qualitative.

  2. Transpersonal psychology.

  3. James Monroe High School – Milgram conducted obedience research and Zimbardo the Stanford Prison Experiment.

  4. Humanistic perspective.

  5. William James or Pierre Janet.

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