2.1.1 Maternal and infant mortality today
High death rates among women and infants in childbirth run throughout human history.
Gradually, fewer women and babies have died, fewer families have had to cope with such significant losses and fewer children have been traumatised by the loss of a mother or sibling or both. But today, maternal mortality and infant mortality still remain real dangers for many millions of women and their families.
So the headlines are that:
- every day, approximately 800 women die from preventable causes related to pregnancy and childbirth
- 99% of all maternal deaths occur in developing countries
- maternal mortality is higher in women living in rural areas and among poorer communities
- young adolescents face a higher risk of complications and death as a result of pregnancy than older women
- skilled care before, during and after childbirth can save the lives of women and new-born babies
- between 1990 and 2013, maternal mortality worldwide dropped by almost 50%.
As you learned last week, a reduction in maternal mortality was one of the Millennium Development Goals and significant progress has been made towards achieving the goals. Re-read the last bullet point again. Surely something not widely known and something to celebrate? However, inequality in maternal and infant mortality that remains is striking.
In the next section you'll interact with data about mortality from the World Health Organization.