The lottery of birth
The lottery of birth

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The lottery of birth

3.1.3 What’s next?

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Figure 6

Consultation concerning the next global development goals (for 2015–2030) is underway.

The Sustainable Development Goals have already been themed and Theme 10 focuses on inequality as a key driver of poverty, environmental damage and poor living standards. Inequality continues to undermine the development of education and health care and inequality is a profound and catastrophic waste of human potential. So many have argued, successfully, that inequality cannot be addressed as a by-product of other measures but has to be a priority in its own right. Read through the goals set out below.

Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries:

10.1 – by 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40% of the population at a rate higher than the national average.

10.2 – by 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status.

10.3 – ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including through eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and actions in this regard.

10.4 – adopt policies especially fiscal, wage, and social protection policies and progressively achieve greater equality.

10.5 – improve regulation and monitoring of global financial markets and institutions and strengthen implementation of such regulations.

10.6 – ensure enhanced representation and voice of developing countries in decision making in global international economic and financial institutions in order to deliver more effective, credible, accountable and legitimate institutions.

10.7 – facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies.

10.8 – implement the principle of special and differential treatment for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, in accordance with WTO [World Trade Organisation] agreements.

10.9 – encourage ODA [official development assistance] and financial flows, including foreign direct investment, to states where the need is greatest, in particular LDCs [least developed countries], African countries, SIDS [small island developing states], and LLDCs [landlocked developing countries], in accordance with their national plans and programmes.

10.10 – by 2030, reduce, to less than 3%, the transaction costs of migrant remittances and eliminate remittance corridors with costs higher than 5%.

You can see all 15 themes at the Guardian’s Sustainable development goals: changing the world in 17 steps – interactive [Tip: hold Ctrl and click a link to open it in a new tab. (Hide tip)] .

A good example of a critical issue for the Sustainable Development Goals to address is the issue of the registration of births. This relates to the goals as a whole and particularly in relation to:

  • Sustainable Development Goal 3 Ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all at all ages.
  • Sustainable Development Goal 4 Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.
  • Sustainable Development Goal 5 Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.

Find out about the issue of the registration of births in the next section.


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