3 Activity 3
Activity 3 Paraphrasing the main point in a sentence
Identifying the part of a sentence you want to paraphrase may be the first step. The second step is to put it in your own words.
In Activity 2, the main part AIDS has claimed many lives was paraphrased as Many people have died of AIDS.
Paraphrase the following sentences by changing the words in any way.
1 HIV has been growing fastest in Europe.
2 The number of new infections in Western Europe doubled to more than 365,000.
3 Many non-governmental organisations (NGOs) also tackle health issues around the world.
4 UNAIDS launched the ‘3 by 5’ initiative.
Compare your answers with these possible paraphrases.
- The fastest growth of HIV has been in Europe.
- There has been a doubling of new infections to over 365,000.
- Globally, health problems are handled by many NGOs.
- The ‘3 by 5’ initiative was started by UNAIDS.
There are different ways of turning sentences into your own words. Three main ways are using different words that mean the same thing (a synonym), changing the order of the words, or changing the form of the word (for example, growing to growth).